Dr. Lucas is an Associate Professor with the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine at the School of Medicine of Laval University. He is also a visiting scholar at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. He holds a bachelor’s degree in nutrition & dietetics, a master’s degree in public health, a doctorate in epidemiology from Laval University, and a postdoctoral position in nutritional epidemiology from Harvard.
His global health research activities focus on the overall effect of food on the health of populations, including population-based studies of Canadian adults, Aboriginal people in Quebec, Polynesians, cohorts of American nurses, as well as those with children and adolescents. As a designated principal investigator, he leads the vast VisezEau® intervention project involving more than 12 researchers from various universities of Quebec, Ontario and the United States.
The innovative character of Dr. Lucas, along with his constant desire to think outside of the box are reflected in his publications’ success, his outreach and funding. He has received numerous grants, scholarships and awards in recognition of his work. Being a member of several editorial boards and a peer reviewer for prestigious scientific journals, Dr. Lucas has participated in more than 300 publications, given nutrition presentations, and given more than 100 media interviews.
Multidimensional food quality indexes (MFQI)
The 2013 global burden of disease report indicates that inadequate food quality is the leading cause of premature death globally (36.6%), ahead of the combined deaths caused by tobacco (19.9%), alcohol (9%) and sedentary lifestyle (7.1%). However, the definition and tools for determining food quality generate a lot of questions. An overall food analysis using MFQIs would better reflect the complexity of nutrition, and improve our understanding of its role in chronic disease. The MFQIs are practical and tangible tools that would make it possible to determine the overall effect of nutrition, to communicate and act on simple and comprehensible targets for the population, to trace population trends, to compare disparities using socio-demographic characteristics, and to estimate the effects of one of the most important modifiable determinants of health. His work will pave the way for a common use of MFQIs, adapted and easy to manage, both in research and in clinical practice environments.
Sugary drinks are aggressively marketed to children. They are the main source of sugar in their diet, and are a modifiable risk factor for overweight. Unlike sugary drinks, non-bottled water is not widely advertised, and is the optimal drink for quenching thirst and hydration. When replacing sweetened beverages, it would prevent overweight. VisezEau® is a multifactorial intervention (school and home) aimed at preventing overweight among Quebec’s elementary school youth. VisezEau® promotes the consumption of non-bottled water and discourages the consumption of sugary drinks in children (5-12 years) of primary schools. VisezEau® will deploy its strategies in 36 elementary schools and the homes of 3,600 students from several school boards. VisezEau® aims to make a substantial contribution to environments that support children’s health and environmental protection by educating on the implications of using non-reusable bottles on water as a collective resource and human right.
Interventions to solve the problem of childhood obesity are crucial. VisezEau® will document this problem and will allow informed decision-making regarding the appropriateness of scaling it up for the province of Quebec.
1050, Chemin Sainte-Foy
Canada G1S 4L8
- Poirier, KrystelDoctoral student
Canadians Adults Fail Their Dietary Quality Examination TwiceJournal Article
Nutrients, 15 (3), 2023.
Branched-Chain and Aromatic Amino Acids in Relation to Fat Mass and Fat-Free Mass Changes among Adolescents: A School-Based InterventionJournal Article
Metabolites, 12 (7), 2022.
Metabolic features of adiposity and glucose homoeostasis among school-aged inuit children from Nunavik (Northern Quebec, Canada)Journal Article
Int J Circumpolar Health, 80 (1), 2021.
Effect of Maternal Docosahexaenoic Acid Supplementation on Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia-Free Survival in Breastfed Preterm Infants: A Randomized Clinical TrialJournal Article
JAMA, 324 (2), 2020.
Association between exposure to persistent organic pollutants and mercury, and glucose metabolism in two Canadian Indigenous populationsJournal Article
Environ Res, 184 , 2020.
Anemia, iron status, and associated protective and risk factors among children and adolescents aged 3 to 19 years old from four First Nations communities in QuebecJournal Article
Can J Public Health, 111 (5), 2020.
Exposure to toxic metals and polychlorinated biphenyls of adolescents and adults from two atolls in the Tuamotu Archipelago (French Polynesia)Journal Article
Sci Total Environ, 695 , 2019.
A Score Derived From the Canadian Food Guide for Assessing Diet Quality: A Risky Illusion?Journal Article
Can J Cardiol, 35 (4), 2019.
Factors associated with the intake of traditional foods in the Eeyou Istchee (Cree) of northern Quebec include age, speaking the Cree language and food sovereignty indicatorsJournal Article
Int J Circumpolar Health, 77 (1), 2018.
Blood and hair mercury concentrations among Cree First Nations of Eeyou Istchee (Quebec, Canada): time trends, prenatal exposure and links to local fish consumptionJournal Article
Int J Circumpolar Health, 77 (1), 2018.
- Maternal Omega-3 supplementation to reduce Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in very Preterm Infants : A Randomized controlled trial (MOBYDIck trial)., from 2014-07-01 to 2024-03-31
Recently finished projects
- Évaluation du rôle global de l’alimentation dans la santé des populations: les indices multidimensionnels de qualité alimentaire et le programme VisezEau®, from 2018-07-01 to 2022-06-30
- Médecine culinaire : catalyseur du mode de vie sain, from 2021-06-15 to 2023-06-14