I completed my doctorate in physiology-endocrinology at Laval University in May 2012. My studies, conducted under the supervision of Dr. Serge Rivest, focused on understanding the role of pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 beta in regulating neuronal activity in various brain-related pathologies. I then completed, from July 2012 to March 2017, a postdoctoral fellowship in epigenomics under the direction of Dr. Christopher Glass at the University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego). My studies helped me gain a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms that regulate transcription in human and murine microglia (see Gosselin et al., Cell, 2014, Gosselin et al., Science, 2017). Finally, since April 2017, I am assistant professor under grant at Laval University. My laboratory, located at the CHU of Quebec-Laval University Research Centre, aims to better understand the role of microglia in brain physiology.

Understanding the microglial cell

 Microglia are the immune cells of the brain. More and more evidence suggests that they are actually involved in various physiological aspects of brain tissue, including its development, or diseases such as Alzheimer’s and autism spectrum deficits. On the other hand, the way microglia activity is regulated at the molecular level remains poorly known as of today.

To address this problem, we are using state-of-the-art next-generation sequencing techniques to better understand how microglia integrate the various signals that regulate it at the genome level, and how this integration modulates gene expression and cellular functions in microglia. Our studies are conducted in mice and we improve our sequencing technologies using microscopy and animal behavior tests. Our multidisciplinary research program, unique in Canada, allows us to define with unmatched precision how microglia contribute to brain function.

CHUL
2705 Boulevard Laurier
T2-50
Ville de Québec, QC
Canada G1V 4G2
37 entries « 1 of 4 »

Fixsen BR, Han CZ, Zhou Y, Spann NJ, Saisan P, Shen Z, Balak C, Sakai M, Cobo I, Holtman IR, Warden AS, Ramirez G, Collier JG, Pasillas MP, Yu M, Hu R, Li B, Belhocine S, Gosselin D, Coufal NG, Ren B, Glass CK

SALL1 enforces microglia-specific DNA binding and function of SMADs to establish microglia identity

Journal Article

Nat Immunol, 24 (7), 2023.

Abstract | Links:

Drake SS, Mohammadnia A, Heale K, Groh AMR, Hua EM, Zaman A, Hintermayer MA, Zandee S, Gosselin D, Stratton JA, Sinclair DA, Fournier AE

Cellular rejuvenation protects neurons from inflammation mediated cell death

Journal Article

bioRxiv, 2023.

Abstract | Links:

Distéfano-Gagné F, Bitarafan S, Lacroix S, Gosselin D

Roles and regulation of microglia activity in multiple sclerosis: insights from animal models

Journal Article

Nat Rev Neurosci, 24 (7), 2023.

Abstract | Links:

Lee J, Villarreal OD, Wang YC, Ragoussis J, Rivest S, Gosselin D, Richard S

PRMT1 is required for the generation of MHC-associated microglia and remyelination in the central nervous system

Journal Article

Life Sci Alliance, 5 (10), 2022.

Abstract | Links:

Belhocine S, Machado Xavier A, Distéfano-Gagné F, Fiola S, Rivest S, Gosselin D

Context-dependent transcriptional regulation of microglial proliferation

Journal Article

Glia, 70 (3), 2022.

Abstract | Links:

Sénécal V, Barat C, Gagnon MT, Vanasse F, Leboeuf M, Gosselin D, Tremblay MJ

Altered expression of fractalkine in HIV-1-infected astrocytes and consequences for the virus-related neurotoxicity

Journal Article

J Neurovirol, 27 (2), 2021.

Abstract | Links:

Mishra MK, Rawji KS, Keough MB, Kappen J, Dowlatabadi R, Vogel HJ, Chopra S, Distéfano-Gagné F, Dufour A, Gosselin D, Yong VW

Harnessing the Benefits of Neuroinflammation: Generation of Macrophages/Microglia with Prominent Remyelinating Properties

Journal Article

J Neurosci, 41 (15), 2021.

Abstract | Links:

Chignon A, Rosa M, Boulanger MC, Argaud D, Devillers R, Bon-Baret V, Mkannez G, Li Z, Rufiange A, Gaudreault N, Gosselin D, Theriault S, Bosse Y, Mathieu P

Enhancer-associated aortic valve stenosis risk locus 1p21.2 alters NFATC2 binding site and promotes fibrogenesis

Journal Article

iScience, 24 (3), 2021.

Abstract | Links:

Schlachetzki JCM, Prots I, Tao J, Chun HB, Saijo K, Gosselin D, Winner B, Glass CK, Winkler J

Author Correction: A monocyte gene expression signature in the early clinical course of Parkinson's disease

Journal Article

Sci Rep, 10 (1), 2020.

Abstract | Links:

Seidman JS, Troutman TD, Sakai M, Gola A, Spann NJ, Bennett H, Bruni CM, Ouyang Z, Li RZ, Sun X, Vu BT, Pasillas MP, Ego KM, Gosselin D, Link VM, Chong LW, Evans RM, Thompson BM, McDonald JG, Hosseini M, Witztum JL, Germain RN, Glass CK

Niche-Specific Reprogramming of Epigenetic Landscapes Drives Myeloid Cell Diversity in Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis

Journal Article

Immunity, 52 (6), 2020.

Abstract | Links:

37 entries « 1 of 4 »
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Active projects

  • Delineation of the epigenomic principles underlying microglial transcriptional and cellular activity in chronic neurodegenerative diseases, from 2020-03-01 to 2025-03-31
  • Delineation of the epigenomic principles underlying microglial transcriptional and cellular activity in demyelinating brain disorders, from 2021-04-01 to 2026-03-31
  • Enhancing microglial myelin repair mechanisms through stimulation of the Ppar-delta nuclear receptor as a novel therapeutic approach for multiple sclerosis, from 2020-09-01 to 2024-08-31
  • Étude des mécanismes de la régulation épigénétique et transcriptionelle responsables des fonctions des microglies dans le, from 2023-07-01 to 2025-06-30
  • Understanding and rejuvenating microglial phagocytosis as mean to inhibit progression of tauopathies in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s Disease, from 2020-10-01 to 2024-09-30

Recently finished projects

  • Aberrant microglial transcriptional regulation as an underlying core mechanism of disrupted brain development in ASD, from 2019-05-01 to 2022-04-30
  • Étude de criblage sur la reprogrammation du métabolisme, du micro-environnement tumoral et des cellules souches cancéreuses dans le médulloblastome, from 2021-05-01 to 2022-04-30
  • Étude des mécanismes de la régulation épigénétique et transcriptionnelle responsable des fonctions des microglies, from 2022-01-01 to 2022-11-23
Data provided by the Université Laval research projects registery