Patrick Couture received his medical degree from Laval University in Quebec City. He completed his residency in Internal Medicine and a PhD in physiology at Laval University and the University of Montreal before heading to Tufts University in Boston, MA, for a research fellowship at the Jean-Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging. Upon returning to Quebec City, he joined the CHU Research Center and the Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods, where he contributed to the establishment of a clinical research center focused on nutrition and lipoprotein metabolism. Dr. Couture is currently a professor in Laval University’s School of Medicine, and he was the director of the university’s residency training program in internal medicine from 2007 to 2012. Dr. Couture is currently the director of the Lipid Apheresis Program at the Laval University Medical Center, and he is also involved in the clinical care of patients with various lipoprotein disorders.

Investigate the impact of dietary fatty acids on lipoprotein metabolism in patients with diabetes

Diabetes and pre-diabetes are metabolic disorders affecting more than 15% of the world’s population. The prevalence of these disorders is currently on the rise, mainly due to the increasingly sedentary lifestyles associated with rising obesity rates and aging of the population. Because diabetes and pre-diabetes are so closely associated with major health problems such as high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and cardiovascular disease, they have a tremendous impact on society’s healthcare costs. Significant efforts should therefore be dedicated to tackling this problem from a societal perspective. Dr. Couture’s interests in nutrition led him to uncover the effects of various dietary fatty acids on lipoprotein kinetics and on the expression of key genes involved in intestinal lipid metabolism in patients with diabetes and pre-diabetes. His work is funded by grants from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Fonds de recherche du Québec (Santé) and industry.

Education & certification

1987

  • MD, Laval University, Québec City.
  • License from the College of Physicians of Quebec (General Practice).
  • License from the Medical Council of Canada (L.M.C.C.).
  • FLEX (The Federation Licensing Examination) certification, New York State.

1991

  • MSc in physiology (molecular endocrinology), Laval University, Québec City. Research Project: Regulation of 17ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity in human breast cancer. Supervisors: Drs. Jacques Simard and Fernand Labrie.

1992

  • American Board of Internal Medicine certification.

1993

  • Residency in Internal Medicine (1998-1993) at Laval University and University of Montréal. The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada certification (Internal Medicine).
  • License of the College of Physicians of Quebec (Internal Medicine).

1997

  • PhD in physiology, Laval University, Québec City. Research project: Molecular genetics and phenotypic expression of familial hypercholesterolemia and protein C deficiency in French Canadians. Supervisors: Drs. Jacques Simard and Sital Moorjani.

1997-99

  • Fellowship, Lipid Metabolism Laboratory, Jean Mayer-USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, USA. Research project: Genetic polymorphisms associated with variations in plasma lipoproteins and coronary heart disease risk in the Framingham Offspring Study. Supervisors: Drs. Ernst J. Schaefer and Jose Ordovas.
CHUL
2705, boulevard Laurier
C-00102
Québec, Québec
Canada G1V 4G2
221 entries « 1 of 23 »

Rancourt-Bouchard M, Gigleux I, Guay V, Charest A, Saint-Gelais D, Vuillemard JC, Lamarche B, Couture P

Effects of regular-fat and low-fat dairy consumption on daytime ambulatory blood pressure and other cardiometabolic risk factors: a randomized controlled feeding trial.

Journal Article

Am J Clin Nutr, 2019, ISSN: 0002-9165.

Abstract | Links:

Hammad SS, Eck P, Sihag J, Chen X, Connelly PW, Lamarche B, Couture P, Guay V, Maltais-Giguere J, West SG, Kris-Etherton PM, Bowen KJ, Jenkins DJ, Taylor CG, Perera D, Wilson A, Castillo S, Zahradka P, Jones PJ

Common Variants in Lipid Metabolism-Related Genes Associate with Fat Mass Changes in Response to Dietary Monounsaturated Fatty Acids in Adults with Abdominal Obesity.

Journal Article

J Nutr, 149 (10), pp. 1749-1756, 2019, ISSN: 0022-3166.

Abstract | Links:

Banerjee A, Alothman L, Couture P, Bergeron J, Belanger AM, Ruel I, Genest J

The Lifelong Burden of Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia.

Journal Article

Can J Cardiol, 35 (10), pp. 1419.e1-1419.e4, 2019, ISSN: 0828-282X.

Abstract | Links:

Lafreniere J, Harrison S, Laurin D, Brisson C, Talbot D, Couture P, Lemieux S, Lamarche B

Development and validation of a Brief Diet Quality Assessment Tool in the French-speaking adults from Quebec.

Journal Article

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, 16 (1), pp. 61, 2019.

Abstract | Links:

Allaire J, Vors C, Harris WS, Jackson KH, Tchernof A, Couture P, Lamarche B

Comparing the serum TAG response to high-dose supplementation of either DHA or EPA among individuals with increased cardiovascular risk: the ComparED study.

Journal Article

Br J Nutr, 121 (11), pp. 1223-1234, 2019, ISSN: 0007-1145.

Abstract | Links:

Bowen KJ, Kris-Etherton PM, West SG, Fleming JA, Connelly PW, Lamarche B, Couture P, Jenkins DJA, Taylor CG, Zahradka P, Hammad SS, Sihag J, Chen X, Guay V, Maltais-Giguere J, Perera D, Wilson A, Juan SCS, Rempel J, Jones PJH

Diets Enriched with Conventional or High-Oleic Acid Canola Oils Lower Atherogenic Lipids and Lipoproteins Compared to a Diet with a Western Fatty Acid Profile in Adults with Central Adiposity.

Journal Article

J Nutr, 149 (3), pp. 471-478, 2019, ISSN: 0022-3166.

Abstract | Links:

Allore T, Lemieux S, Vohl MC, Couture P, Lamarche B, Couillard C

Correlates of the difference in plasma carotenoid concentrations between men and women.

Journal Article

Br J Nutr, 121 (2), pp. 172-181, 2019, ISSN: 0007-1145.

Abstract | Links:

Vallee Marcotte B, Guenard F, Lemieux S, Couture P, Rudkowska I, Calder PC, Minihane AM, Vohl MC

Fine mapping of genome-wide association study signals to identify genetic markers of the plasma triglyceride response to an omega-3 fatty acid supplementation.

Journal Article

Am J Clin Nutr, 109 (1), pp. 176-185, 2019, ISSN: 0002-9165.

Abstract | Links:

Sniderman AD, de Graaf J, Thanassoulis G, Tremblay AJ, Martin SS, Couture P

The spectrum of type III hyperlipoproteinemia.

Journal Article

J Clin Lipidol, 12 (6), pp. 1383-1389, 2018, ISSN: 1933-2874.

Abstract | Links:

Abdullah MM, Eck PK, Couture P, Lamarche B, Jones PJH

The combination of single nucleotide polymorphisms rs6720173 (ABCG5), rs3808607 (CYP7A1), and rs760241 (DHCR7) is associated with differing serum cholesterol responses to dairy consumption.

Journal Article

Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 43 (10), pp. 1090-1093, 2018, ISSN: 1715-5312.

Abstract | Links:

221 entries « 1 of 23 »
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Active projects

  • Canada-Wide Human nutrition trialists' network, Subvention, Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada, Subventions de recherche programmatique sur l’alimentation et la santé, from 2014-06-01 to 2021-03-31
  • Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec - Université Laval, Subvention, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec - Université Laval, Centres de recherche affiliés, from 2017-01-01 to 2099-12-31
  • Centre de recherche en sciences et technologie du lait, Subvention, Institutionnel - BDR, BDR - Centres de recherche reconnus, from 1996-06-01 to 2024-01-30
  • Differential effects of saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids on chylomicron secretion and the expression of key genes that regulate intestinal lipid metabolism in insulin-resistant subjects, Subvention, Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada, Subvention Projet, from 2019-04-01 to 2022-03-31
  • Institut sur la nutrition et les aliments fonctionnels, Subvention, Institutionnel - BDR, Instituts reconnus, from 2001-06-01 to 2024-03-04
  • Mediterranean diet and physical activity: is the whole better than the sum of each part ? Clinical and mechanistic perspectives, Subvention, Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada, Subvention Projet, from 2018-04-01 to 2023-03-31
  • The effect of an enhanced dietary portfolio flus exercise on cardiovascular risk in high risk individuals, Subvention, Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada, Subvention de fonctionnement, from 2013-10-01 to 2021-03-31

Recently finished projects

  • Qualité nutritionnelle des aliments et déterminants de l'adhésion aux saines habitudes alimentaires, Partenariat, Fondation Canadienne pour l'innovation (La), Fonds d'innovation (FI), from 2015-12-01 to 2019-03-31
Data provided by the Université Laval research projects registery