Dr. Lucas is an Associate Professor with the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine at the School of Medicine of Laval University. He is also a visiting scholar at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. He holds a bachelor’s degree in nutrition & dietetics, a master’s degree in public health, a doctorate in epidemiology from Laval University, and a postdoctoral position in nutritional epidemiology from Harvard.

His global health research activities focus on the overall effect of food on the health of populations, including population-based studies of Canadian adults, Aboriginal people in Quebec, Polynesians, cohorts of American nurses, as well as those with children and adolescents. As a designated principal investigator, he leads the vast VisezEau® intervention project involving more than 12 researchers from various universities of Quebec, Ontario and the United States.

The innovative character of Dr. Lucas, along with his constant desire to think outside of the box are reflected in his publications’ success, his outreach and funding. He has received numerous grants, scholarships and awards in recognition of his work. Being a member of several editorial boards and a peer reviewer for prestigious scientific journals, Dr. Lucas has participated in more than 300 publications, given nutrition presentations, and given more than 100 media interviews.

Multidimensional food quality indexes (MFQI)

The 2013 global burden of disease report indicates that inadequate food quality is the leading cause of premature death globally (36.6%), ahead of the combined deaths caused by tobacco (19.9%), alcohol (9%) and sedentary lifestyle (7.1%). However, the definition and tools for determining food quality generate a lot of questions. An overall food analysis using MFQIs would better reflect the complexity of nutrition, and improve our understanding of its role in chronic disease. The MFQIs are practical and tangible tools that would make it possible to determine the overall effect of nutrition, to communicate and act on simple and comprehensible targets for the population, to trace population trends, to compare disparities using socio-demographic characteristics, and to estimate the effects of one of the most important modifiable determinants of health. His work will pave the way for a common use of MFQIs, adapted and easy to manage, both in research and in clinical practice environments.

Intervention

Sugary drinks are aggressively marketed to children. They are the main source of sugar in their diet, and are a modifiable risk factor for overweight. Unlike sugary drinks, non-bottled water is not widely advertised, and is the optimal drink for quenching thirst and hydration. When replacing sweetened beverages, it would prevent overweight. VisezEau® is a multifactorial intervention (school and home) aimed at preventing overweight among Quebec’s elementary school youth. VisezEau® promotes the consumption of non-bottled water and discourages the consumption of sugary drinks in children (5-12 years) of primary schools. VisezEau® will deploy its strategies in 36 elementary schools and the homes of 3,600 students from several school boards. VisezEau® aims to make a substantial contribution to environments that support children’s health and environmental protection by educating on the implications of using non-reusable bottles on water as a collective resource and human right.

Interventions to solve the problem of childhood obesity are crucial. VisezEau® will document this problem and will allow informed decision-making regarding the appropriateness of scaling it up for the province of Quebec.

Hôpital Saint-Sacrement
1050, Chemin Sainte-Foy
Local JS1-24
Québec, Québec
Canada G1S 4L8
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Roy C, Tremblay PY, Anassour-Laouan-Sidi E, Lucas M, Forest JC, Giguere Y, Ayotte P

Risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in relation to plasma concentrations of amino acids and acylcarnitines: A nested case-control study.

Journal Article

Diabetes Res Clin Pract, 140 , pp. 183-190, 2018, ISSN: 0168-8227.

Abstract | Links:

Anhe FF, Varin TV, Le Barz M, Pilon G, Dudonne S, Trottier J, St-Pierre P, Harris CS, Lucas M, Lemire M, Dewailly E, Barbier O, Desjardins Y, Roy D, Marette A

Arctic berry extracts target the gut-liver axis to alleviate metabolic endotoxaemia, insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis in diet-induced obese mice.

Journal Article

Diabetologia, 61 (4), pp. 919-931, 2018, ISSN: 0012-186X.

Abstract | Links:

Lavigne-Robichaud M, Moubarac JC, Lantagne-Lopez S, Johnson-Down L, Batal M, Laouan Sidi EA, Lucas M

Diet quality indices in relation to metabolic syndrome in an Indigenous Cree (Eeyouch) population in northern Québec, Canada.

Journal Article

Public Health Nutr, 21 (1), pp. 172-180, 2018, ISSN: 1368-9800.

Abstract | Links:

St-Jean A, Meziou S, Ayotte P, Lucas M

Overweight and obesity prevalence among Cree youth of Eeyou Istchee according to three body mass index classification systems.

Journal Article

BMC Pediatr, 17 (1), pp. 196, 2017.

Abstract | Links:

Ronn PF, Lucas M, Laouan Sidi EA, Tvermosegaard M, Andersen GS, Lauritzen T, Toft U, Carstensen B, Christensen DL, Jorgensen ME

The obesity-associated risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality is not lower in Inuit compared to Europeans: A cohort study of Greenlandic Inuit, Nunavik Inuit and Danes.

Journal Article

Atherosclerosis, 265 , pp. 207-214, 2017, ISSN: 0021-9150.

Abstract | Links:

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Active projects

  • Centre de recherche et d'innovation en transfert de connaissances multisectorielles nordiques, Partenariat, Fondation Canadienne pour l'innovation (La), Fonds d'innovation (FI), from 2015-12-01 to 2018-12-31
  • Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec - CHU de Québec-Université Laval, Subvention, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec - Université Laval, Centres de recherche affiliés, from 2017-01-01 to 2099-12-31
  • Contribution du CERSSPL-UL à l’étude longitudinale COMPASS, Subvention, Centre de recherche sur les soins et les services de première ligne de l'Université Laval, from 2018-04-01 to 2019-03-31
  • Manger notre Saint-Laurent, Subvention, Fonds de recherche du Québec - Nature et technologies, Odyssée Saint-Laurent du Réseau Québec maritime, from 2018-04-01 to 2020-03-31
  • Maternal Omega-3 supplementation to reduce Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in very Preterm Infants : A Randomized controlled trial (MOBYDIck trial)., Subvention, Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada, Subvention de fonctionnement, from 2014-07-01 to 2019-06-30
  • Nutrition et santé des Autochtones du Québec: des pistes par l'épidémiologie nutritionnelle., Subvention, Fonds de recherche du Québec - Santé, Chercheur-boursier Juniors 1 et 2, Seniors, from 2014-07-01 to 2018-06-30

Recently finished projects

  • 3.3 BriGHT (Bridging Global change, Inuit Health and the Transforming Arctic Ocean), Subvention, Secrétariat des programmes interorganismes à l’intention des établissements, Fonds d'excellence en recherche Apogée Canada, from 2016-04-01 to 2018-03-31
  • 3.6 The gut microbiome: sentinel of the northern environment and Inuit mental health, Subvention, Secrétariat des programmes interorganismes à l’intention des établissements, Fonds d'excellence en recherche Apogée Canada, from 2017-04-01 to 2018-03-31
  • Designing and implementing the Nunavik Health Survey Qanuippitaa 2016, Subvention, Secrétariat Inter-Conseils (Canada) (CRSH, CRSNG, IRSC), Réseau de centres d'excellence (RCE), from 2015-04-01 to 2018-03-31
  • Do country food nutrients protect against mercury toxicity and cardiometabolic diseases? Integrating date from cutting-edge science and mobilizing knowledge towards Nunavimmiut health (H-02), Subvention, Affaires Autochtones et Développement du Nord Canada, Programme de lutte contre les contaminants dans le Nord (PLCN), from 2014-04-01 to 2017-03-31
  • Nutrition et santé des Autochtones du Québec : des pistes par l'épidémiologie nutritionnelle, Subvention, Fonds de recherche du Québec - Santé, Établissement de jeunes chercheurs - Juniors 1, from 2014-07-01 to 2017-06-30
  • Water Schools (WS): a knowledge-to-action framework that promotes tap water consumption and discourages sugar-containing beverages among school-age children, Subvention, Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada, Volet Projet: Concours pilotes, from 2016-07-01 to 2017-06-30
Data provided by the Université Laval research projects registery