Dr. Topolnik is researcher at the Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec and professor at the Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Bio-informatics of Laval University’s Faculty of Science and Engineering. She began her academic career at Laval University in 2007 as an assistant professor, affiliated with the Robert-Giffard Research Center. She was recruited within the framework of the strategic project in biophotonics and the creation of the Center of neurophotonics. By combining her talents in research with her advanced expertise in optophysiological and optogenetic technologies, Dr. Topolnik was one of the first researchers to fill a niche in neurophotonics at Laval University. She played a major role in the development of multidisciplinary research at Laval University, as a professor of the international school Frontiers in Neurophotonics. Dr. Topolnik is a recipient of the University Faculty Award for Women in Science and Engineering from the Natural Science and Engineering Council of Canada (NSERC) and a “Professor-Star Award” from Laval University’s Faculty of Science and Engineering.
Dr. Topolnik’s research program focusses on the cellular and synaptic mechanisms involved in the coordination and processing of information by the cortical circuits. Her team explores how sensory information is integrated and modified by the GABAergic inhibitory interneurons, and how these processes are altered in neurological and neurodegenerative disorders, in particular epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
Synaptic signaling and plasticity
The team explores the molecular and cellular mechanisms of memory formation, using recordings of electrical and biochemical activity at synapses. The two-photon microscopy, in combination with patch-clamp recordings and optogenetics, are used to study neuron synaptic activity and flow of calcium ions through pre- and post-synaptic channels.
Cellular composition and functioning of cortical circuits
The project focusses on the cortical regions responsible for memory formation, and contextual learning. The goal is to understand the cellular diversity and functional specialization of GABAergic interneurons, making up cortical circuits to understand their role in mnemonic processes.
The circuit dysfunction in neurodegenerative diseases
In neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, the intrinsic and synaptic properties of certain types of neurons are altered early in the progress of the disease. This leads to circuit activity imbalance and the beginning of first functional deficits. To understand the mechanisms of these changes, the team applies advanced optical techniques to genetic mouse models to monitor the abnormal brain activity with cellular resolution. The pharmacological, pharmacogenetics and immunological interventions are directed towards the restoration of synaptic, cellular and circuit function.
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Transcriptomic profile of the subiculum-projecting VIP GABAergic neurons in the mouse CA1 hippocampus.Journal Article
Brain Struct Funct, 2019, ISSN: 1863-2653.
Input-Specific Synaptic Location and Function of the α5 GABAA Receptor Subunit in the Mouse CA1 Hippocampal Neurons.Journal Article
J Neurosci, 39 (5), pp. 788-801, 2019, ISSN: 0270-6474.
Non-linear calcium signalling and synaptic plasticity in interneurons.Journal Article
Curr Opin Neurobiol, 54 , pp. 98-103, 2019, ISSN: 0959-4388.
Calcium extrusion mechanisms in dendrites of mouse hippocampal CA1 inhibitory interneurons.Journal Article
Cell Calcium, 77 , pp. 49-57, 2019, ISSN: 0143-4160.
Calcium Dynamics in Dendrites of Hippocampal CA1 Interneurons in Awake Mice.Journal Article
Front Cell Neurosci, 13 , pp. 98, 2019.
Connectivity and network state-dependent recruitment of long-range VIP-GABAergic neurons in the mouse hippocampus.Journal Article
Nat Commun, 9 (1), pp. 5043, 2018, ISSN: 2041-1723.
Two-photon Calcium Imaging in Neuronal Dendrites in Brain Slices.Journal Article
J Vis Exp, (133), 2018.
Mechanisms of Supralinear Calcium Integration in Dendrites of Hippocampal CA1 Fast-Spiking Cells.Journal Article
Front Synaptic Neurosci, 10 , pp. 47, 2018, ISSN: 1663-3563.
Simple platform for chronic imaging of hippocampal activity during spontaneous behaviour in an awake mouse.Journal Article
Sci Rep, 7 , pp. 43388, 2017, ISSN: 2045-2322.
Target-specific alterations in the VIP inhibitory drive to hippocampal GABAergic cells after status epilepticus.Journal Article
Exp Neurol, 292 , pp. 102-112, 2017, ISSN: 0014-4886.
- Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec - Université Laval, Subvention, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec - Université Laval, Centres de recherche affiliés, from 2017-01-01 to 2099-12-31
- Centre thématique de recherche en neurosciences, Subvention, Institutionnel - BDR, BDR - Centres de recherche reconnus, from 1999-06-01 to 2020-10-18
- Inhibitory control of hippocampal inhibitory circuits: cellular mechanisms and function, Subvention, Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada, Subvention de fonctionnement, from 2014-07-01 to 2019-06-30
- Investigating the contribution of Shank3 in Alzheimer's disease, Subvention, Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada, Subvention Projet, from 2018-04-01 to 2023-03-31
- Mechanisms of dendritic integration and plasticity in GABAergic inhibitory interneurons, Subvention, Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada, Subvention de fonctionnement, from 2015-07-01 to 2020-06-30
- Targeting microglia-synapse interactions to rescue brain circuits elimination and cognitive dysfunction, Subvention, Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada, Subventions Fondation, from 2016-07-01 to 2021-06-30
Recently finished projects
- Decoding motor cortex circuit abnormalities at ALS onset through combined two-photon imaging in vivo and pharmacogenetics, Subvention, Brain Canada Foundation, ALS Canada-Brain Canada Discovery grant program, from 2017-01-01 to 2018-12-31
- Dendritic signal processing and functional compartmentalization in GABAergic interneurons, Subvention, Conseil de recherches en sciences naturelles et génie Canada, Subventions à la découverte SD (individuelles et d'équipe), from 2012-04-01 to 2019-03-31