In addition to being a regular researcher at the CHU of Quebec-Laval University Research Centre, and Associate Professor in the Department of Microbiology, Infectiology and Immunology of the Faculty of Medicine at Laval University, Dr. Gilbert is Program Director of postgraduate studies in microbiology and immunology at Laval University.

Since 2008, Dr. Gilbert has pursued two lines of research that fit perfectly with the priorities of the infectious and immune diseases axis: the study of the role of extracellular vesicles (EVs), including exosomes, and that of the lectin DCIR (Dendritic Cell Immunoreceptor) in the early stages of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) infection as well as in immune response disorders in infected patients.

Dendritic cells (DCs) are among the first cells to internalize the virus and orchestrate the immune response. They migrate to the secondary lymphoid organs where the internalized virus is transmitted to LTCD4s, causing, among other things, the apoptosis of these cells, as well as the development of a less effective immune response. Dr. Gilbert has been actively involved in early studies demonstrating the role of C-type lectin, DCIR (Dendritic Cell Immunoreceptor) in viral attachment, as well as in the transfer of apoptotic CDs or LTCD4s virus to other LTCD4s. Through these studies, three patents were obtained, and the benefits of these discoveries continue to be reaped in her laboratory. She has also shown that, following viral infection, CDs can release EVs, which act as intercellular communicators. These EVs, which are found in biological fluids, have also allowed her team to identify miR-155, a microRNA with a broad immunomodulatory potential, in the plasmas of HIV-1 patients. She demonstrated that the release of EVs by CDs involves the activation of DCIR. Her research program, based on these observations, therefore includes both a fundamental and translational aspect. Indeed, the development of therapeutic strategies blocking the interaction of DCIR with HIV-1, and consequently the release of EVs with immunosuppressive properties, may help to understand the early events of HIV-1 infection and lead to the design and development of new therapeutic tools. Finally, EVs are considered to play an important role in cell communication and transformation, as well as being potential biomarkers of immune activation in HIV-1 patients. In recent years, enthusiasm for these vesicles can be explained by their strong theranostic potential, and Dr. Gilbert’s laboratory differentiates itself by the biochemical methods she develops to better characterize them.

CHUL
2705, boulevard Laurier
T-1-49
Québec, Québec
Canada G1V 4G2
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Benmoussa A, Gotti C, Bourassa S, Gilbert C, Provost P

Identification of protein markers for extracellular vesicle (EV) subsets in cow's milk.

Journal Article

J Proteomics, 192 , pp. 78-88, 2019, ISSN: 1874-3919.

Abstract | Links:

Thery C, Witwer KW, Aikawa E, Alcaraz MJ, Anderson JD, Andriantsitohaina R, Antoniou A, Arab T, Archer F, Atkin-Smith GK, Ayre DC, Bach JM, Bachurski D, Baharvand H, Balaj L, Baldacchino S, Bauer NN, Baxter AA, Bebawy M, Beckham C, Bedina Zavec A, Benmoussa A, Berardi AC, Bergese P, Bielska E, Blenkiron C, Bobis-Wozowicz S, Boilard E, Boireau W, Bongiovanni A, Borras FE, Bosch S, Boulanger CM, Breakefield X, Breglio AM, Brennan MA, Brigstock DR, Brisson A, Broekman ML, Bromberg JF, Bryl-Gorecka P, Buch S, Buck AH, Burger D, Busatto S, Buschmann D, Bussolati B, Buzas EI, Byrd JB, Camussi G, Carter DR, Caruso S, Chamley LW, Chang YT, Chen C, Chen S, Cheng L, Chin AR, Clayton A, Clerici SP, Cocks A, Cocucci E, Coffey RJ, Cordeiro-da-Silva A, Couch Y, Coumans FA, Coyle B, Crescitelli R, Criado MF, D'Souza-Schorey C, Das S, Datta Chaudhuri A, de Candia P, De Santana EF, De Wever O, Del Portillo HA, Demaret T, Deville S, Devitt A, Dhondt B, Di Vizio D, Dieterich LC, Dolo V, Dominguez Rubio AP, Dominici M, Dourado MR, Driedonks TA, Duarte FV, Duncan HM, Eichenberger RM, Ekstrom K, El Andaloussi S, Elie-Caille C, Erdbrugger U, Falcon-Perez JM, Fatima F, Fish JE, Flores-Bellver M, Forsonits A, Frelet-Barrand A, Fricke F, Fuhrmann G, Gabrielsson S, Gamez-Valero A, Gardiner C, Gartner K, Gaudin R, Gho YS, Giebel B, Gilbert C, Gimona M, Giusti I, Goberdhan DC, Gorgens A, Gorski SM, Greening DW, Gross JC, Gualerzi A, Gupta GN, Gustafson D, Handberg A, Haraszti RA, Harrison P, Hegyesi H, Hendrix A, Hill AF, Hochberg FH, Hoffmann KF, Holder B, Holthofer H, Hosseinkhani B, Hu G, Huang Y, Huber V, Hunt S, Ibrahim AG, Ikezu T, Inal JM, Isin M, Ivanova A, Jackson HK, Jacobsen S, Jay SM, Jayachandran M, Jenster G, Jiang L, Johnson SM, Jones JC, Jong A, Jovanovic-Talisman T, Jung S, Kalluri R, Kano SI, Kaur S, Kawamura Y, Keller ET, Khamari D, Khomyakova E, Khvorova A, Kierulf P, Kim KP, Kislinger T, Klingeborn M, Klinke DJ 2nd, Kornek M, Kosanovic MM, Kovacs AF, Kramer-Albers EM, Krasemann S, Krause M, Kurochkin IV, Kusuma GD, Kuypers S, Laitinen S, Langevin SM, Languino LR, Lannigan J, Lasser C, Laurent LC, Lavieu G, Lazaro-Ibanez E, Le Lay S, Lee MS, Lee YXF, Lemos DS, Lenassi M, Leszczynska A, Li IT, Liao K, Libregts SF, Ligeti E, Lim R, Lim SK, Line A, Linnemannstons K, Llorente A, Lombard CA

Minimal information for studies of extracellular vesicles 2018 (MISEV2018): a position statement of the International Society for Extracellular Vesicles and update of the MISEV2014 guidelines.

Journal Article

J Extracell Vesicles, 7 (1), pp. 1535750, 2018, ISSN: 2001-3078.

Abstract | Links:

Benmoussa A, Ly S, Shan ST, Laugier J, Boilard E, Gilbert C, Provost P

A subset of extracellular vesicles carries the bulk of microRNAs in commercial dairy cow's milk.

Journal Article

J Extracell Vesicles, 6 (1), pp. 1401897, 2017, ISSN: 2001-3078.

Abstract | Links:

Benmoussa A, Lee CH, Laffont B, Savard P, Laugier J, Boilard E, Gilbert C, Fliss I, Provost P

Commercial Dairy Cow Milk microRNAs Resist Digestion under Simulated Gastrointestinal Tract Conditions.

Journal Article

J Nutr, 146 (11), pp. 2206-2215, 2016, ISSN: 0022-3166.

Abstract | Links:

Borhis G, Burelout C, Chaoul N, Smith N, Goujard C, Meyer L, Paul S, Saoudin H, Hosmalin A, Gilbert C, Herbeuval JP, Richard Y

Plasmacytoid dendritic cells and myeloid cells differently contribute to B-cell-activating factor belonging to the tumor necrosis factor superfamily overexpression during primary HIV infection.

Journal Article

AIDS, 30 (3), pp. 365-76, 2016, ISSN: 0269-9370.

Abstract | Links:

Hubert A, Subra C, Jenabian MA, Tremblay Labrecque PF, Tremblay C, Laffont B, Provost P, Routy JP, Gilbert C

Elevated Abundance, Size, and MicroRNA Content of Plasma Extracellular Vesicles in Viremic HIV-1+ Patients: Correlations With Known Markers of Disease Progression.

Journal Article

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 70 (3), pp. 219-27, 2015, ISSN: 1525-4135.

Abstract | Links:

Mfunyi CM, Vaillancourt M, Vitry J, Nsimba Batomene TR, Posvandzic A, Lambert AA, Gilbert C

Exosome release following activation of the dendritic cell immunoreceptor: a potential role in HIV-1 pathogenesis.

Journal Article

Virology, 484 , pp. 103-12, 2015, ISSN: 0042-6822.

Abstract | Links:

Hubert A, Barbeau B, Subra C, Bissonnette L, Gilbert C

Role and future applications of extracellular vesicles in HIV-1 pathogenesis

Journal Article

Future Virol, 10 (4), pp. 357-370, 2015, ISSN: 1746-0794.

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Tardif MR, Chapeton-Montes JA, Posvandzic A, Page N, Gilbert C, Tessier PA

Secretion of S100A8, S100A9, and S100A12 by Neutrophils Involves Reactive Oxygen Species and Potassium Efflux.

Journal Article

J Immunol Res, 2015 , pp. 296149, 2015, ISSN: 2314-7156.

Abstract | Links:

Vargas A, Zhou S, Ethier-Chiasson M, Flipo D, Lafond J, Gilbert C, Barbeau B

Syncytin proteins incorporated in placenta exosomes are important for cell uptake and show variation in abundance in serum exosomes from patients with preeclampsia.

Journal Article

FASEB J, 28 (8), pp. 3703-19, 2014, ISSN: 0892-6638.

Abstract | Links:

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Active projects

  • Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec - Université Laval, Subvention, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec - Université Laval, Centres de recherche affiliés, from 2017-01-01 to 2099-12-31
  • Deciphering the role of DCIR in HIV-1 pathogenesis, Subvention, Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada, Subvention Projet, from 2018-04-01 to 2023-03-31
  • Salaire d'un professeur, Subvention, CHU de Qc–UL- CHUL, from 2009-07-01 to 2019-06-30

Recently finished projects

  • DCIR, une nouvelle cible immunomodulatrice dans l'infection au VIH-1, Subvention, Fondation de l'Université Laval, from 2017-10-01 to 2018-09-30
  • Étude du rôle des exosomes et du DCIR dans les événements précoces de l'infection au virus de l'immunodéficience humaine., Subvention, Fonds de recherche du Québec - Santé, Chercheur-boursier Juniors 1 et 2, Seniors, from 2015-07-01 to 2017-06-30
Data provided by the Université Laval research projects registery